"NLP - attitude & methodology that leaves behind a trail of techniques."
The attitude of NLP involves one of intense and excited curiosity. It involves the desire to know what goes on behind the scenes. With this kind of attitude of curiosity, we want to know what makes the human mind work. So NLP runs on an attitude of experimentation. This attitude leads us to try all kinds of things. After all, we do not sort for "failure," but only for "feedback." If we find that something doesn't produce the results we want, we just try something else. When you get the attitude or spirit of NLP, you'll experience a wild and wonderful passion for exploration, experimentation, and innovating. It will make you more creative, more open to the world of possibilities, and more of a pioneer. The methodology of NLP is that of modeling: copying and replicating how something works.
Celebrity Weight Loss Secret Finally Uncovered - by John James Santangelo C.Ht
Can you guess what the secret really is about losing weight quickly and naturally?
It’s not about any specific exercise requiems, or doing cardio until you feel like a wet sponge, or weight training to build muscle mass, and to your surprise, it's not even about the food you eat. Can you guess? Do you know what truly thin people know that you don't...YET?
What IS the Challenge?
Have you ever tried in vain to lose a few extra pounds, or even many of them? Silly question because we all have, at some point, wanted to rid our body of an amount of unnecessary pounds. I’m sure in the past you’ve set goals, made a commitment to yourself AND others, started out with great intentions only to find after a couple months or even weeks, you’re back to the same old negative patterns of over eating again, or something like this, am I correct?
In order to achieve ANY change in our behavior, we must FIRST make the change within our own mind. Example; have you ever tried to WILL YOURSELF into doing something? If we could we’d be able to accomplish EVERYTHING we set our mind to just by thinking about it, couldn’t you?
It’s for this reason that dieting, even coupled with exercise cannot possibly work out unless you’ve engaged your SUB-conscious mind working towards shedding those extra pounds you’ve accumulated. Ninety percent of who we are and who we’ll become is regulated by your unconscious mind. Thoughts generated from our subconscious mind have the most powerful effect on your body. Because your subconscious minds prime directive is to protect the body, therefore it’s always working to keep you consistent and resolute with your daily actions. What you program into your subconscious computer shows up in your outside world. Where attention goes, energy flows, results show! Knowing this is the hard pill to swallow because it means that ANY diet will work when you’re subconscious is aligned with the results you desire. (Search; Twinkie Diet – Dr. Mark Haub)
Motivation IS The Answer!
The number one reason people overeat is they’re trying to avoid or suppress their emotional pain. Because of this, in order to lose weight, we need to learn to develop a higher self esteem, forgive ourselves, and practice more self-love. Hypnosis for weight loss requires that we affirm a new empowering self and release our old eating behaviors and over-weight mindset by interrupting these patterns and conditioning into the subconscious mind new behavioral patterns such as; eating half, self-esteem, confidence and self-worth. Then a more healthy, happy and fit you will emerge!
Hypnosis can literally shift and jack-up your motivation to help the mind affect the body the same way that eating healthy food and drinking clean water eliminates fat and toxins. It also teaches you how to utilize deep breathing which activates your body’s metabolism to burn extra fat more rapidly.
What IS Hypnosis?
The real secret to losing weight and keeping it off for good is to “teach” your subconscious mind to do the work for you. By far, the easiest method for “re-programming” your subconscious mind so you can easily lose weight and keep it off for good, is by using hypnosis. Hypnosis is nothing more than a light state of trance, which we’ve all experienced; right before dozing off, passing your exit, or even zoning out watching TV are all examples of light trance/hypnosis.
“The subconscious mind moves in the direction of your currently dominant thoughts.”
So the real secret to finally losing all the weight you want AND keep it off is to start cultivating EMPOWERING thoughts and turn your subconscious mind into your best fitness partner that WANTS you to LOSE WEIGHT, feel amazing, and keep those results for life!
Can I Learn To Re-Program MY Subconscious Mind?
Back to your “million dollar” question that you’ve probably been asking yourself right now,
Can you now, imagine yourself, using hypnosis and losing all the weight you want easily… being able to just listen and lose? If this is something that you’d like to be. do and have, go to our weight loss hypnosis site: www.JustListenAndLose.com We'll be up and operating VERY SOON with this site! (818) 879-2000
Reasons To Take OUR NLP Training - by
John James Santangelo C.Ht
Integration Of Material
do YOU do stress? -
John James Santangelo C.Ht
Hans Selye (father of the “stress theory”) describes stress as “the non-specific response of the body to any demand made upon it.” Stress can be either physiological or psychological in nature. Stress is a response to events in our environment. First come the stressors (cause) and then the stress ( the effects.) If stress isn’t controlled or alleviated it can literally be stored up in the body and may lead to physical and emotional disruption such as sicknesses, cold, flu, headaches, insomnia or more severe such as chronic pain, depression, heart attacks, cancer or even suicide.
It is important to understand that it is not the ‘stressors’ of our environment which cause us to become stressed. Our response to the stressors, rather than the actual events, produce our stress. Think about it. How can the same experience, such as losing or transferring your job, garner such a dissimilar response from two separate individuals? In simple terms, it’s the meaning we place upon the events that cause the emotional reactions we experience. Clinical research has shown that stress is “the perception of not being in control.” Since we cannot control all of our outside circumstances or events, the only way to regain a sense of control is to effectively manage our emotions.
things predicate our behavior; focus and physiology. Focus, the meaning
we place upon the
Knowing that stress can be managed by our response to demands made upon us, we each have the capacity to alleviate unnecessary stress. Whenever you are confronted with a challenge in life, STOP, and ask yourself “what does this mean?” Then immediately change your posture and your breathing. Since each emotional state of mind has a specific physiology associated to it, it only seems to reason if we shift our physiology to a more resourceful posture then our emotional state will change, and vice-versa. Blessings, Until next month...
Are Like New Shoes…
John James Santangelo C.Ht
As a success coach, I work in many areas of life; career desire, fitness and weight management, goal clarity, emotional mastery and relationship balance. I find relationships the most interesting and yet the most complex. Everything we in life we engage in IS a relationship. There’s a direct correlation as to how we react in an intimate relationship and how we respond to our friends, family, and social or work environments. With relationships the challenge is never the other person, it’s your choice of that person in the relationship! And because we’ve all had an opportunity to engage in good and bad ones, everyone can relate to the intention of this article. I’ve interviewed thousands of people in relationships to find what ingredients make up a great recipe for success.
Relationships can be challenging, but marriage can be overwhelming if you are not with the right partner. Yes, I know, there will be bad and tough times as well as good and great times. But it’s not if those experiences will happen, it’s when and how will you react to them that will determine the survival or growth of the relationship. There’s a cute joke that is; “It’s true that love is blind but marriage is definitely an eye-opener.”
But you know all this already don’t you? So why then do we repeat the same mistakes again and again? Habit? Genetics? Insanity? Einstein’s definition of insanity was; “doing the same thing over and over again, expecting different results.” Sound familiar? Well, the real answer is because it’s what we’re most comfortable with. Our nervous system, our body/mind, as Deepak Chopra calls it, is stuck on auto-pilot. It’s constantly searching out our environment for what we KNOW! What looks, sounds and feels familiar… comfortable! The challenge is we do not recognize our mistakes until it becomes UN-comfortable for us, usually about 6 months to 2 years down the road. Deep into the relationship is too late to be asking yourself, what am I doing here?
life, everything we are and will become will be predicated upon one
thing; the decisions we make. Every moment of your life you’re
making decisions, deciding on something. Making simple and complex decisions
shape the course and direction of your life. Decisions are the basis
for the quality of life you lead. Each decision you make; to go left
or right, buy this or that, take this job instead of that, go out with
him or her, produces the results we live with every day of our lives.
I often say to my clients and when presenting my NLP workshops, “it’s literally impossible to make a logical decision.” Think about it, every decision we make is predicated upon what? How we feel at the moment we are making it! Logic plays a secondary role within our decision making strategies. Regardless of the quality of information we’ve gathered, we often decide based upon our feelings about the choices before us.
Our best decisions are made being mindful of our values; what is most important to us. Therefore, it is critical to understand your personal values before making life-changing decisions. When you are aware of your values and criteria, and faithfully follow them in selecting a partner, your chances of success improve tremendously. You will no longer be running by the soles of your feet!
are 50 characteristics which will help you recognize what is most important
for you in your current or next relationship. Looking at the list before
you, circle 20 traits that you desire in a mate. Of those 20, choose
and write out 10 on a separate sheet or on the back. Prioritize those
10 traits from 1 being most important to 10 being of lesser importance.
The top 3 traits are the ones you require in a relationship. These are
What Is NLP? - by Richard Bandler
Anchoring - by Robert Dilts
In our Los Angeles NLP Training, "anchoring" refers to the process of associating an internal response with some external or internal trigger so that the response may be quickly, and sometimes covertly, reaccessed. Anchoring is a process that on the surface is similar to the "conditioning" technique used by Pavlov to create a link between the hearing of a bell and salivation in dogs. By associating the sound of a bell with the act of giving food to his dogs, Pavlov found he could eventually just ring the bell and the dogs would start salivating, even though no food was given. In the behaviorist's stimulus-response conditioning formula, however, the stimulus is always an environmental cue and the response is always a specific behavioral action. The association is considered reflexive and not a matter of choice.
In Neuro-Linguistic Programming this type of associative conditioning has been expanded to include links between other aspects of experience than purely environment cues and behavioral responses. A remembered picture may become an anchor for a particular internal feeling, for instance. A touch on the leg may become an anchor for a visual fantasy or even a belief. A voice tone may become an anchor for a state of excitement or confidence. A person may consciously choose to establish and retrigger these associations for himself. Rather than being a mindless knee-jerk reflex, an anchor becomes a tool for self empowerment. Anchoring can be a very useful tool for helping to establish and reactivate the mental processes associated with creativity, learning, concentration and other important resources.
It is significant that the metaphor of an "anchor" is used in NLP terminology. The anchor of a ship or boat is attached by the members of the ships crew to some stable point in order to hold the ship in a certain area and keep it from floating away. The implication of this is that the cue which serves as a psychological "anchor" is not so much a mechanical stimulus which "causes" a response as it is a reference point that helps to stabilize a particular state. To extend the analogy fully, a ship could be considered the focus our consciousness on the ocean of experience. Anchors serve as reference points which help us to find a particular location on this experiential sea and to hold our attention there and keep it from drifting.
The process of establishing an anchor basically involves associating two experiences together in time. In behavioral conditioning models, associations become more strongly established through repetition. Repetition may also be used to strengthen anchors as well. For example, you could ask someone to vividly re-experience a time she was very creative and pat her shoulder while she is thinking of the experience. If you repeat this once or twice the pat on shoulder will begin to become linked to the creative state. Eventually a pat on the shoulder will automatically remind the person of the creative state.
As an example of this, they did a research study with students in classrooms. They had students learn some kind of task in a certain classroom. Then they split the class in half and put one of the groups in a different room. Then they tested them. The ones who were in the same room where they had learned the material did better on the exams than the students who had been moved to a different room. Presumably this was because there were environmental cues that were associated with the material they had been learning.
We have probably all been in the situation of experiencing something that we wanted to remember, but when we go into a new environment where all the stimuli are so different, it's easier to forget. By developing the ability to use certain kinds of anchors, teachers and learners can facilitate the generalization of learning. There will certainly be a greater possibility that learning will be transferred if one can also transfer certain stimuli.
There's another aspect to anchoring related to the fact Pavlov's dog had to be in a certain state for the bell to mean anything. The dogs had to be hungry; then Pavlov could anchor the stimulus to the response. Similarly, there is an issue related to what state learners are in, in order to effectively establish an anchor. For instance, a transparency is a map, but it's also a stimulus. That is, it gives information, but it can also be a trigger for a reference experience. An effective teacher needs to know when to send a message or not to send a message. If people have a sudden insight - an "Aha!" - and you turn on a transparency, it is going to be received in a different way and associated in a different way than if people are struggling with a concept.
can be very important. It is important for a teacher to time the presentation
of material in relation to the state of his or her learners. If the
teacher has a cognitive package to present, such as a key word or a
visual map, he or she must wait for the moment that the 'iron gets hot'.
When the teacher senses that there's a kind of a readiness, or a surge,
or an openness in the group, at that moment he or she would introduce
the concepts or show the key words. Because the point of anchoring is
that a teacher is not just giving information, he or she is also providing
stimuli that gets connected to the reference experiences of the learners.
This is why stimuli that are symbolic are often more effective anchors.
Anxiety and NLP - by Dr Richard Bolstad
Why do anxiety "sufferers" run these annoying synesthesias? Ericksonian therapist David Higgins (in Yapko, ed, 1989, p 245-263) points out that all of us live in an "As if" world. In order to act, we make certain guesses about what will happen. These guesses are all "hallucinations", but they have the potential to generate hope or fear, happiness or pain. This is an active ongoing self-hypnotic process, and is potentially healthy. In anticipating future challenges, we estimate the significance of the challenge, and the strength of our resources to respond to that challenge (Beck and Emery, p 3-53). Some fear is a realistic appraisal of serious challenge level, and usefully mobilises the body to deal with such challenge, by increasing the pulse and breathing rate, and mobilising the muscles etc. Severe anxiety is a disorder of the "As -if" process. The anxious person (as opposed to the person who is realistically afraid of a current threat) demonstrates certain "cognitive distortions" (to use NLP terminology, they make certain key submodality/strategy shifts). These are:
for the future. By attending to potential future events to the exclusion
of present and past, the person is unable to access resourceful memories,
or effectively use resources at hand. Thus, a person who spoke to a
crowd of 1000 people and loved it last week may panic as they think
about repeating that tomorrow. Sorting for danger. The person pays more
attention to potential risks and less to potential safeties. They do
this by using focused "tunnel vision" and its auditory and
kinesthetic analogues (eg a person afraid of public speaking may see
only one angry looking person staring at them, and not notice those
smiling. A person with chest tightness may pay attention to that and
speculate about its cause, rather than feeling the comfort in their
In the case of depression, the focus is on past experiences - failures, losses and defeats which have already happened and are thus fixed facts. The depressed person may not even have a future time line to be anxious about, let alone to have goals in. Their comments about life and their own self are thus based on a "permanent pervasive style" of explanation ("This is the way I and other things are; everything is like this, and it always will be"). The depressed person has understandably little interest in doing anything, because they expect failure ("What's the point, it only gets you to the same place I've always been - nowhere."). They may get hopeful about specific tasks (and then use the patterns we are calling anxiety), but generally the depressed person has given up trying to avoid the kind of pain that the anxious person is running from.
In the anxious person, the focus is on potential future defeats, failures and losses. The anxious person considers these disasters as being possibly avoidable, if they can only escape in some way from certain feared events. Their style of explanation is thus more tentative, conditional and more focused on particular events ("If I can only avoid elevators / crowds / thinking about death, then I might be able to escape this terror."). The anxious person has objectives, then, but is unable to reach them. They fear failure. The anxious person does not give up on doing everything (unless they finally got depressed about their anxiety) but gives up on doing the things they fear (the triggers for their anxiety).
Do We End Anxiety?
As an NLP Training Practitioner in Los Angeles, your first role is not to create such illusory solutions. One example of an illusory solution would be presenting NLP as a series of tools which will automatically solve the person's problem, regardless of what they do. Another example would be offering to be the person's total life support system ("Call me any time!"). Being a "magician" can be very satisfying, but this satisfaction is small compared to the joy of empowering the anxious person to learn their own magic. Your role, then, is to be a kind of coach or consultant.
The anxious person is hiring us to give them advice and support to put into action a plan that will change their life. This will be a collaborative relationship, in which they will need not only to "help", but also to experimentally follow the advice we give. We have no magic way of solving their problems for them. But if they do the things we suggest, we believe that they will experience change. This is the same deal a consultant in the business setting makes. We often say "NLP doesn't work. You work... NLP just explains how you work, perfectly.". This is a time-limited arrangement, and it is important to arrange at the start to meet for a specific number of sessions.
The other side of this is that if we are not hired as a consultant, we accept that. We do not carry on trying to "sell our services". This becomes important in practice if we suggest some task (such as having the person, at the end of each day, identifying three things they achieved that day) and the person does not actually do the task. In this case, we don't carry on suggesting other such tasks hoping to "find one that works". Often, in that situation, we will explore with the person what they did instead of the task, and help them discover how that got them the results they complain about.
The following five sets of NLP tools are intended to be used inside this context, to reverse the "cognitive distortions" of anxiety. The tools are:
Communication Skills; Why Are they So Important? - by John James Santangelo C.Ht.
purpose of communications
is to get your message across to others. This is a process that involves
both the sender of the message and the receiver. This process leaves
room for error, with messages often misinterpreted by one or more of
the parties involved. This causes unnecessary confusion and counter
productivity. In fact, a message is successful only when both the sender
and the receiver perceive it in the same way.
In a recent survey of recruiters from companies with more than 50,000 employees, communication skills were cited as the single more important decisive factor in choosing managers. The survey, conducted by the University of Pittsburgh’s Katz Business School, points out that communication skills seminars, including written and oral presentations, as well as an ability to work with others, are the main factor contributing to job success.
In spite of the increasing importance placed on communication skills, many individuals continue to struggle with this, unable to communicate their thoughts and ideas effectively – whether in verbal or written format. This inability makes it nearly impossible for them to compete effectively in the workplace, and stands in the way of career progression.
Getting your message across is paramount to progressing. To do this, you must understand what your message is, what audience you are sending it to, and how it will be perceived. You must also weigh-in the circumstances surrounding your communications, such as situational and cultural context.
Skills workshops - The Importance of Removing Barriers:
You must also know your audience (individuals or groups to which you are delivering your message). Failure to understand who you are communicating to will result in delivering messages that are misunderstood.
Barriers At All These Stages. To deliver your messages effectively,
you must commit to breaking down the barriers that exist in each of
these stages of the communication process. Let’s begin with the
message itself. If your message is too lengthy, disorganized, or contains
errors, you can expect the message to be misunderstood and misinterpreted.
Use of poor verbal and body language can also confuse the message. Barriers
in context tend to stem from senders offering too much information too
fast. When in doubt here, less is oftentimes more. It is best to be
mindful of the demands on other people’s time, especially in today’s
ultra-busy society. Once you understand this, you need to work to understand
your audience’s culture, making sure you can converse and deliver
your message to people of different backgrounds, cultures within your
own organization, & in this country and even abroad.
Rapport; The Basis Of Mirroring & Matching! - by John James Santangelo C.Ht
Rapport is the foundation for any meaningful interaction between two or more people - rapport is about establishing an environment of trust and understanding, to respect and honor the other person’s world. Which gives a person the freedom to fully express their ideas and concerns and to know that they will be respected by the other person(s). Rapport creates the space for the person to feel listened to, and heard and it doesn’t mean that they have to agree with what the other person says or does. Each person appreciates the other’s viewpoint and respects their model of the world. When you are in rapport with another person, you have the opportunity to enter their world and see things from their perspective, feel the way they do, get a better understanding of where they are coming from; and as a result, enhance the whole relationship.
A 1970 study conducted at the University of Pennsylvania by Dr. Ray Birdwhistle concluded that 93% of our communication transpires non-verbally and unconscious. NLP rapport skills teach us how to communicate at that unconscious level. Mirroring, matching, pacing and leading skills will enable you to become "like" the other person. Anthony Robbins stated: “People who like each other tend to be like each other.” Neuro-Linguistic Programming in Los Angeles teaches how to mirror and match physiology, tonality and predicates (process words).
Researchers at the Boston University Medical School studied films of people having conversations. The researchers noticed that the people talking began (unconsciously) to co-ordinate their movements (including finger movements, eye blinks and head nods.) When they were monitored using electroencephalographs, it was found that some of their brain waves were spiking at the same moment too. As the conversations progressed, these people were getting into rapport with each other.
The key to establishing rapport is an ability to enter another person’s world by assuming a similar state of mind. The first thing to do is to become more like the other person by matching and mirroring the person’s behaviors -- body language, voice, words etc. Matching and mirroring is a powerful way of getting an appreciation of how the other person is seeing/experiencing the world
words, match predicates. If your partner is using mainly visual words,
you should also use mainly visual words and similarly for auditory,
kinesthetic and auditory digital words. To the extent possible, you
should also use the same words as the other person. For example, I may
say something is ‘awesome’. In your model of the world,
you may interpret ‘awesome’ as ‘outstanding’
and use this word when speaking to me. For me ‘outstanding’
may have a different meaning or evoke a different feeling than ‘awesome’.
In this case, you would not be matching but mismatching my words.
The purpose of the following exercises is to provide some experience with the basic processes and procedures of modeling. They primarily focus on the information gathering phase of the modeling process, and cover a range of modeling skills, including "implicit" and "explicit" modeling formats, and the use of multiple perceptual positions to gather different types and levels of information about a particular performance.
mirror another person, merely select the behavior or quality you wish
to mirror, and then do that behavior. If you choose to mirror head tilt,
when the person moves their head, wait a few moments, then move yours
to the same angle. The effect should be as though the other person is
looking in a mirror. When this is done elegantly, it is out of consciousness
for the other person. However, a few notes of caution are appropriate:
Mirroring is as if you were looking into a mirror. To mirror a person who has raised his right hand, you would raise your left hand (i.e. mirror image). To match this same person, you would raise your right-hand (doing exactly the same as the other person). Some practitioners see a time difference between mirroring and matching. For example, if someone makes hand gestures while they are speaking, you would wait until it was your turn to speak before making similar (matching) hand gestures.
The fact that you've read this far means that you can see the benefits of increasing your rapport skills. Reading is sadly not enough - practice is the key to building skill, so do the exercises. When you first start the practice of mirroring, you may have to pay some conscious attention to what you're doing. After a while, however, you will start to catch yourself doing it unconsciously. This is where you really begin to build rapport elegantly!
And at times when a gesture is idiosyncratic to that person or otherwise to obvious, you can do crossover matching. Meaning, if they adjust their glasses, and you don't wear any, then just move your foot. When you crossover match/mirror, you match/mirror a portion of the other person's body, with a different portion of your own body. This is best to do when you are matching someone's rate of breathing. You can use your finger to pace the rhythm of their breath. When matching or mirroring someone's voice, do that with their tonality, volume, and the rate at which they speak. And remember you don't have to do all of these things, just one or two will be enough to create rapport in most cases.
Practice - You may wish to start with family members and begin to match different aspects of their posture, gestures, voice and words. Have fun with it and see if they notice what you are doing. At work or socially, start by matching one specific behavior and once you are comfortable doing that, and then match another. For friends with whom you really feel comfortable, notice how often you naturally match their postures, gestures tone of voice or words. Matching comes naturally, what you need to do is learn how to do it with everyone, then matching will become automatic whenever you wish to deepen your rapport and NLP skils with someone.
Hypnosis and NLP - by Milton H. Erickson
Milton Hyland Erickson, MD (* 5th December 1901 in Aurum, Nevada, † 25th March 1980 in Phoenix, Arizona) was an American psychiatrist specializing in medical hypnosis and NLP. He was founding president of the American Society for Clinical Hypnosis and a fellow of the American Psychiatric Association, the American Psychological Association, and the American Psychopathological Association.
He is noted for: his often unconventional approach to psychotherapy, such as described in the book Uncommon Therapy by Jay Haley and the book Hypnotherapy: An Exploratory Casebook by Milton Erickson and Ernest Rossi (1979) New York: Irvington Publishers, Inc. his extensive use of therapeutic metaphor and story as well as hypnosis coining the term Brief Therapy for his approach of addressing therapeutic changes in relatively few sessions his use of interventions that influenced the strategic therapy and family systems therapy practitioners beginning in the 1950s including Virginia Satir and Gregory Bateson his conceptualization of the unconscious as highly separate from the conscious mind, with its own awareness, interests, responses, and learnings. For Erickson and NLP, the unconscious mind was creative, solution-generating, and often positive. his ability to "utilize" anything about a patient to help them change, including their beliefs, favorite words, cultural background, personal history, or even their neurotic habits. His influence on Neuro-linguistic Programming (NLP), which was in part based upon his working methods.
Erickson believed that the unconscious mind was always listening, and that, whether or not the patient was in trance, suggestions could be made which would have a hypnotic influence, as long as those suggestions found some resonance at the unconscious level. You can be aware of this, or you can be completely oblivious that something is happening. Now, Erickson would see if the patient would respond to one or another kind of indirect suggestion, and allow the unconscious mind to actively participate in the therapeutic process. In this way, what seemed like a normal conversation might induce a hypnotic trance, or a therapeutic change in the subject.
Ericksonian hypnosis was an irrepressible practical joker, and it was not uncommon for him to slip indirect suggestions into all kinds of situations, including in his own books, papers, lectures and seminars.
Erickson also believed that it was even appropriate for the therapist to go into trance. I go into trances so that I will be more sensitive to the intonations and inflections of my patients' speech. And to enable me to hear better, see better. Erickson maintained that trance is a common, everyday occurrence. For example, when waiting for buses and trains, reading or listening, or even being involved in strenuous physical exercise, it's quite normal to become immersed in the activity and go into a trance state, removed from any other irrelevant stimuli. These states are so common and familiar that most people do not consciously recognise them as hypnotic phenomena.
The same situation is in evidence in everyday life, however, whenever attention is fixated with a question or an experience of the amazing, the unusual, or anything that holds a person’s interest. At such moments people experience the common everyday trance; they tend to gaze off—to the right or left, depending upon which cerebral hemisphere is most dominant (Baleen, 1969) —and get that “faraway” or “blank” look. Their eyes may actually close, their bodies tend to become immobile (a form of catalepsy), certain reflexes (e.g., swallowing, respiration, etc.) may be suppressed, and they seem momentarily oblivious to their surroundings until they have completed their inner search on the unconscious level for the new idea, response, or frames of reference that will restabilize their general reality orientation. We hypothesize that in everyday life consciousness is in a continual state of flux between the general reality orientation and the momentary microdynamics of trance...
Erickson & Rossi: Two-Level Communication and the Microdynamics of Trance and Suggestion, The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 1976 Reprinted in Collected Papers Vol.1
Because Erickson expected trance states to occur naturally and frequently, he was prepared to exploit them therapeutically, even when the patient was not present with him in the consulting room. He also discovered many techniques for how to increase the likelihood that a trance state would occur. He developed both verbal and non-verbal techniques, and pioneered the idea that the common experiences of wonderment, engrossment and confusion are, in reality, just kinds of trance. (These phenomena are of course central to many spiritual and religious disciplines, and are regularly employed by evangelists, cult leaders and holy men of all kinds).
Clearly there are a great many kinds of trance. Many people are familiar with the idea of a 'deep' trance, and earlier in his career Erickson was a pioneer in researching the unique and remarkable phenomena that are associated with that state, spending many hours at a time with individual test subjects, deepening the trance.
That a trance may be 'light' or 'deep' suggest a one dimensional continuum of trance depth, but Erickson would often work with multiple trances in the same patient, for example suggesting that the hypnotised patient to behave 'as if awake', blurring the line between the hypnotic and 'awake' state.
Erickson believed there are multiple states that may be utilized. This resonates with Charles Tart's idea (put forward in the book 'Waking Up') that all states of consciousness are trances, and that what we call 'normal' waking consciousness is just a 'consensus trance'. NLP also makes central use of the idea of changing state, without it explicitly being a hypnotic phenomenon.
NLP Modeling - by
The notion of a "model" has also come to mean "a description or analogy used to help visualize something (as an atom) that cannot be directly observed." It can also be used to indicate "a system of postulates, data, and inferences presented as a formal description of an entity or state of affairs."
Thus, a miniature train, a map of the location of key train stations, or a train schedule, are all examples of different possible types of models of a railway system. Their purpose is to emulate some aspect of the actual railway system and provide useful information to better manage interactions with respect to that system. A miniature train set, for instance, may be used to assess the performance of a train under certain physical conditions; a map of key train stations can help to plan the most effective itinerary to reach a particular city; a train schedule may be used to determine the timing required for a particular journey. From this perspective, the fundamental value of any type of model is its usefulness.
of Modeling in NLP
The field of Neuro-Linguistic Programming has developed out of the modeling of human behaviors and thinking processes. NLP modeling procedures involve finding out about how the brain ("Neuro") is operating, by analyzing language patterns ("Linguistic") and non-verbal communication. The results of this analysis are then put into step-by-step strategies or programs ("Programming") that may be used to transfer the skill to other people and content areas.
In fact, NLP began when Richard Bandler and John Grinder modeled patterns of language and behavior from the works of Fritz Perls (the founder of Gestalt therapy), Virginia Satir (a founder of family therapy and systemic therapy) and Milton H. Erickson, M.D. (founder of the American Society of Clinical Hypnosis). The first 'techniques' of NLP were derived from key verbal and non-verbal patterns Grinder and Bandler observed in the behavior of these exceptional therapists. The implication of the title of their first book, The Structure of Magic (1975), was that what seemed magical and unexplainable often had a deeper structure that, when illuminated, could be understood, communicated and put into practice by people other than the few exceptional 'wizards' who had initially performed the 'magic'. NLP is the process by which the relevant pieces of these people's behavior was discovered and then organized into a working model.
NLP has developed techniques and distinctions with which to identify and describe patterns of people's verbal and non-verbal behavior that is, key aspects of what people say and what they do. The basic objectives of NLP are to model special or exceptional abilities and help make them transferable to others. The purpose of this kind of modeling is to put what has been observed and described into action in a way that is productive and enriching.
The NLP and modeling tools of Neuro-Linguistic Programming in Los Angeles allow us to identify specific, reproducible patterns in the language and behavior of effective role models. While most NLP analysis is done by actually watching and listening to the role model in action, much valuable information can be gleaned from written records as well.
objective of the NLP modeling
process is not to end up with the one 'right' or 'true' description
of a particular person's thinking process, but rather to make an instrumental
map that allows us to apply the strategies that we have modeled in some
useful way. An 'instrumental map' is one that allows us to act more
effectively the 'accuracy' or 'reality' of the map is less important
than its 'usefulness'. Thus, the instrumental application of the behaviors
or cognitive strategies modeled from a particular individual or group
of individuals involves putting them into structures that allow us to
use them for some practical purpose. This purpose may be similar to
or different from that for which the model initially used them.
Forgiveness Pattern - by Steve Andreas
Forgiveness; A great deal of therapeutic effort goes into struggling with anger and resentment, because this "unfinished business" causes so much difficulty both for the person who has it and for other family members, friends, and associates. All of us can think of clients who spend much of their time preoccupied with old hurts, interfering with their ongoing relationships and preventing them from getting on with their lives. How often have you wished that there were a quick and easy way to help a client give up this preoccupation with the dead past and refocus on present and future living?
In a fascinating and elegant videotape made in 1986 (4), Virginia Satir demonstrated that it is possible to resolve long-lasting resentment quickly. Linda, the 39-year-old client, started with great anger and resentment toward her mother. But at the end of the session she feels only love and compassion, and says, "I think you're right that I won't ever be able to look at my mother in the same way again. I feel clearer, and much more loving. I'm in love with everyone in the room." In a three-year follow-up interview, Linda goes into great detail about how well she got along with her mother after the session. At one point she says, "In fact, I felt like I was her best friend, which was really something I would never ever have said before."
Some might be tempted to dismiss this as only a single case, that it was a result of Virginia's consummate skill, impossible for ordinary therapists to emulate, or that Virginia got lucky, and that Linda was an easy client. But although Linda was cooperative, she was a very tough client, as a careful review of the videotape will show. At one point Virginia says to Linda, "One of the things I sense about you is you have a highly-developed ability to stand firm on things." (How's that for a reframe of being "stubborn"?)
But another way to think about this session is that Virginia showed us that it is possible to deal with a client's long-standing resentment in a very short time, and then go on to wonder, "What are the crucial elements in her work that could be teased out, tested, and taught to others?"
About eight years ago, my wife Connirae and I, along with participants in an advanced seminar, modeled out the essential components in the process of reaching and resolving forgiveness, and developed a pattern, or experiential recipe, for teaching clients how to do this.
am grateful to Paul Watzlawick for pointing out the crucial difference
between descriptive language and injunctive language. Descriptive language
is exemplified by the DSM IV manual. Over 700 pages describe the different
kinds of disorders that people have, but not a single page tells what
to do to resolve them! In contrast, injunctive language tells you what
to do in order to have a particular experience. George Spencer Brown
(3) said it well:
2. The second part of the process involves dealing with the objections that a client has to going ahead with reaching forgiveness. These objections often have to do with wanting protection against the expected consequences of forgiveness: "If I forgave him, then something bad would happen" that I'd be tempted to reconcile with him, that he could hurt me again, etc. Objections about consequences need to be met by eliciting or teaching specific protective coping skills. "If you forgave him, how could you still maintain your resolve to stay separate and be protected against future hurt?"
objections have to do with the meaning of forgiveness to the client.
"If I forgave her, that would mean something about me" that
I'm a wimp, that I condone what she did to me, etc. Objections about
meaning need to be met by changing the client's meaning through some
kind of reframing. "Can you see that far from being a wimp, your
forgiving her would mean that you have accomplished a change that takes
great courage, compassion and understanding one that only a few human
beings are capable of?" A short mind-experiment can provide you
with a very compact experience of the forgiveness process:
Continuing to think of these two people in your mind simultaneously,
notice how you represent them differently in your mind.
b. Next notice your auditory experience of these two people. Is there a voice with one image and not with the other, or are there differences in the volume or tonality of the two voices, etc?
Finally notice differences in your feelings in response to these two
images. Besides feeling like for one and dislike for the other, do you
feel colder/warmer, more connected/disconnected, etc. with one than
are four main points that I'd like to draw from this little experiment:
2. Since these process characteristics are completely independent of the content of the image, they can be used with any content, and constitute interventions that are totally content-free.
3. When you tried the experiment of exchanging the images, you found that it was relatively easy to move them around and change their characteristics.
Before you would be willing to make such a change permanent, we would
have to find some way to satisfy your felt objections to making the
change you would need to feel completely comfortable and safe with the
Ann: (briskly) The anger is here on the right; it's close, larger than life. (softly and more slowly) Forgiveness is pretty far out in front of me, 10 or 12 feet, perhaps three or four inches high. Anger is in really bright, stark, angry colors. The forgiveness one is pastel, softly lit from the back. I feel soft and warm and connected with that person. Forgiveness is real quiet. The angry one has lots of dialogue, with "Yeah, buts" and rationalizations; it's argumentative.
Steve: OK, now what objection do you have to transforming anger into forgiveness?
Ann: (thoughtfully) It feels like leverage, a way that I can get the change that is needed.
Steve: So, you have some outcome, and by remaining angry you think that will help you get it. What is it about remaining angry that helps you make progress toward the outcome?
Ann: By remaining angry, that creates, literally, distance between us, and he doesn't want the distance; so as long as I'm angry, then he needs to do something.
Steve: You strike me as a fairly resourceful woman. Is there any way that you could maintain distance without having to be angry, so that you could enjoy it even more?
Ann: The objecting part is saying, "If I let go of this anger, then I'll let him come back, and he won't have made the requisite changes. And then we'll be right back where we were before.
Steve: It sounds like that part doesn't believe that you, Ann, have the strength of mind or character, or whatever, to maintain a particular outcome and go for it.
Ann: Not without a lot of struggle.
Steve: OK. What makes it difficult?
Ann: It just seems like there's such a discrepancy in our value systems.
Steve: Given that you recognize this discrepancy in value systems, it sounds like you've made a fairly congruent decision that distance is the best thing, at least for now. And you said something about leverage that this person wants to be back with you, and that as long as you can say "not now" you have a way to create some motivation for him to maybe make changes.
Steve: Now given that's a decision you've made, what do you need the anger for? It seems to me it would be even easier to do all that without anger. It would give you even more of a feeling of power and upholding your own values.
Ann: It appears easier with anger.
Steve: What makes it appear easier? Is it just that it's familiar?
Ann: (thoughtfully) There is an element of familiarity in there.
Steve: Try traveling into the future. Imagine that over the next week, you have no anger, and that you're very clear, and your mind is set on this goal, and you could be even more comfortable in just simply saying "No," to any possible encroachment, or whatever. Do you have any objections to that? (No.) Does any part have any objection? (No.) OK, are there any other objections? (No.)
It sounds like you still have some connection with this person, that there are some valuable parts of this person that you also respect and have warm feelings toward as well. A lot of people think that if you feel warmly toward someone, that means you can't feel angry at them, or you can't deny them something. To me, it's even more respectful of them as a whole person if you can say, "Look, this part of you fits for me beautifully; that part over here doesn't fit for me and I don't want it." And just be really clear about that. It's not that you're bad or that I'm good. It's just, "This fits for me and that doesn't."
It can be even easier to say what doesn't fit if you acknowledge the parts that do fit, so that you're not rejecting him as a whole. That has got to be hard for him; he's going to be defensive, and then you're going to have to be defensive, and so on. But if you can say, "Gosh, the way you do this is wonderful, and this over here doesn't fit for me, and I refuse to do it." Does that make sense to you? (Yes.)
OK, let's go ahead and change your anger to forgiveness. As we do this, I want you to be very sensitive to any other objections that might come up. Take this representation of him on your right, and move it down here and farther away, and see what other changes occur spontaneously. Find out what it's like to represent this person in pastel hues, softly lit from the back, just like that other person you have already forgiven.
Ann: (softly, thoughtfully) I feel a loss of power; the powerlessness of not being able to say "No."
Steve: And what is it that prevents you from saying "No" to future harm?
Ann: (happily) I just fixed it. I brought him closer, so he's life-size, so then we're equal. When he was smaller than life-size, then I felt pity and I couldn't say "No."
Steve: And now, what's your feeling toward him? Do you have that warmth, and sense of connection?
Ann: Yeah, and I can have a conversation with him as equals, rather than having to play topdog or underdog.
Steve: Great. Now close your eyes for a minute, and jump into next week or whenever you might have an interaction with him and see how that goes. . . . (Ann is smiling and relaxed.) That looks pretty good from here!
Yes. (quietly) I feel softness, and tenderness, and understanding, and
a real connection that wasn't there before. When you used the word "fit"
earlier, that was absolutely perfect for me, because the objection part
was being judgemental, making him wrong, and those things he did be
bad, whereas just to see it as not a fit makes a big difference.
transcript presents a typical example of guiding a client through the
forgiveness process. However, it is an example of someone who already
believed that forgiveness might be useful. With someone who has no interest
in forgiving, some preparatory work would be needed to deal with objections
and motivate the client to at least consider forgiveness. Some common
objections, and brief examples of dealing with them follow:
2. "Anger makes me feel powerful; I don't want to give it up." Yes, there is a certain feeling of power in feeling angry, in being courageous and willing to stand up for yourself and your values. But usually there is also a sense of lack of choice in having to be angry and having to be preoccupied with thoughts of that person who harmed you. When someone says, "He made me angry," what they are really saying is, "He can control my feelings; I have no choice but to get angry." I'd like to offer you more choices, so that you can be the one in control of your feelings and behavior, and really stand up for yourself.
3. "I need to get even first." What would getting even do for you? Often people say that they feel personally diminished by the harm that was done to them, and that getting even would help them feel powerful and good about themselves again. I want you to feel powerful and good about yourself, and I'd like to offer you other ways of doing this. For instance, I'd like you to learn how to cope effectively with possible repetitions of this kind of behavior, so that you feel safe and strong in knowing what you can do to prevent a recurrence.
4. "I refuse to forgive and forget." I agree with you. I don't want you to forgive and forget. If you forgot, then you'd be completely vulnerable to a repetition of the harm that was done to you. I want you to forgive and remember. I want you to remember so that you are protected against possible recurrences, and to remember in a way that provides you with feelings of strength, choice, and resourcefulness, instead of being provoked into choiceless anger.
"If I forgave him, then he'd think what he did didn't matter and
he could feel comfortable doing it again." So you want him to know
how terrible it was for you, and so that he won't do it again. I think
that it is important for you to communicate that to him. I don't know
about you, but I find that when I'm angry I don't communicate very well.
Often the other person gets defensive and doesn't listen, and maybe
"blows it off," thinking "Oh, he's just upset; it doesn't
mean anything." I'd like to help you find ways to really get through
to him, and my guess is that will be much easier if you're not angry
Now, with the benefit of hindsight, and subsequent learnings, etc. you may be able to do something different next time, but at that time you did the best you could. Understanding this can also be a useful part of being able to forgive others, but it is an absolutely essential part of forgiving yourself.
One of the results of Virginia Satir's "Family Reconstruction" process (in which the client directs and observes a vivid reenactment of the parents' childhoods) was to be able to see the parents' harmful behavior as the best that they could do in the context of the limitations and difficulties of their own upbringing.
Atonement can also be spelled "at one ment," becoming "at
one" with, rejoining with what has been alienated. Anything that
can be done to compensate for the harm that was done helps the healing,
because it transforms regret into positive action. This can range from
a simple heart-felt apology to taking steps to make up for the harm
that was done. If the actual person who was harmed is dead, or otherwise
unavailable, one can do good to others in the same kind of situation.
healing power of forgiveness
is a very ancient teaching, but typically this teaching has been to
point to a goal, without much information about what to do to get there.
Now that we know how to do it, this ancient teaching can be manifest
in the world.
NLP Five Step Sales Process - by John James Santangelo C.Ht
you ever been in an . . . . intimate relationship? Yes, INTIMATE!
I know, stupid question and what’s this got to do with sales?
Well, nothing really. Unless you’re a mover and shaker.
The answer is, “you FEEL it!” You know because you have a feeling deep inside about what it is that you’re so sure about, the same way people BUY! They just KNOW it. They can’t tell you what that ‘thing’ is but if you ask the right questions, eventually you’ll get an answer like, “It’s just a gut instinct” or “ I just KNOW.” Or “ I had a feeling it was the right decision.” These are the real keys to selling folks. This is how people BUY. And if you are of the premise that you’re a people person, smart, know your product, and how to close, you are far mistaken – leaving mounds of money on the table as they say. Don’t get me wrong here, you MUST know all those things as well, though if that’s all you have in your tool belt, you’ll never be able to create a buying environment for your clients. Let’s take a deeper look inside at some of the main factors in HOW people buy products and services. I promise, if you incorporate some of these simple skills into your tool belt, you’ll be able to construct an exciting ambiance for your clients to FEEL good about who they are and the decisions they make about their buying strategies.
The speed of todays business is consistantly increasing at a rapid rate. Companies are looking to increase their communication efficiency to maintain an edge over their competition. In the past 30 years a new model of communication and excellence has risen in the field of human behavior, a science that enhances the components between what we think, understand and how we communicate to people. Great sales people know this, because they’re flexible and change their presentation style to match the needs of their prospects, which they can influence. When you have the ability to influence anyone, at anytime your business and income will soar through the roof.
Effective communication skills are the most important tools we can learn in life. Yet, most have never learned to adequately become an effective communicator. Most will have theories, but no real answers. Many will state years of experience and practice are the only way to master these skills or it’s something you’re born with. The same goes with selling, if you do not learn to become a good communicator, your selling will not become any better either.
Most sales courses teach you to remember closing scripts and have you believe the words we speak are the primary source of our communication. But based on a 1970’s study from the University of Pennsylvania, 93% of our communication is on a non-verbal level. Learning powerful physical and non-verbal skills, allows you to change how others perceive what you are saying and influence anyone at anytime; because it’s the response we receive back from the client, not our given intention. Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) was developed from a model of change and success – HOW people do what they do to succeed. When you fully and competently understand how your clients buy, are sold to, and how to influence them by understanding that 90% of the unconscious mind, which is responsible for every decision they make, you’ll begin to naturally influence others to your point of view which means closing more sales. NLP offers some of the most powerful communication tools available in the sales training marketplace today. Simple, yet effective, tolls of awareness, skill, and perception make this technology a hidden resource of influence. NLP is the cutting edge tools of human development; the most influential communication and personal change technology yet available. It is the fundamentals of 'how' our brain operates. Individuals and organizations across the globe are using Neuro-Linguistic Programming/NLP in Los Angeles to enhance their personal and professional lives. NLP is a new field providing a wide range of both step-by-step methods in developing your ability to reach highly effective levels of communication and understanding within yourself and with others.
Once you have effectively mastered these simple techniques. Your ability to help people buy a product or service will escalate to new heights like you’ve never imagined.
Have you ever done a great job of solving your prospect's problems only to find they eventually bought from someone else? In the end, you really wasted a lot of valuable time. Or, has a potential customer told you exactly what he needed and you tried to SELL him on something other than what he KNOWS he wants. Forget, for the moment, your ability to overcome objections and your favorite five closing phrases. People are more likely to purchase if you first know how they made buying decisions in the past. Here’s a typical scenario;
Carol, I very successful agent of Real Estate and NLP in Los Angeles thought she had a SLAM DUNK sale. Her prospect John, realized that as a self-employed professional, he needed home/office space that was larger than what he currently lived in, to do more business out of his home. Carol determined John’s average monthly income level, how much house he could afford, and then showed him several homes that fit his financial needs. She got agreement from John that this was something he could afford, then closed the sale. Carol did an effective job of selling, right? Wrong! John procrastinated for a week and then bought from Carol’s competitor. Sound familiar? Why? Because Carol didn't determine John’s psychological buying strategy.
Do you ever think to ask HOW your prospect decides to buy? When you're booking an appointment, do you find out quickly how they will decide to give you an appointment, OR decide to buy your product?
Once you learn to ask the right questions, you’ll tap into exactly HOW they BUY from YOU! Yes, we all have a very specific buying strategy, and once you understand how your clients buy products and services like yours, you’ll have their key to unlock the doors to closing more sales. If you don't find out, ahead of time, HOW your prospects will buy or WHAT their decision-making strategy is, you'll never even come close to 100 percent closing rate. But, if you learn to ask the right questions, your prospects will let you know, in advance, how they will buy, from YOU! For more information about learning “HOW TO” communication and influence others to buy exactly what they desire – email us at www.JohnSantangelo.com
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